Golf clubs vary with shot lengths, and are chosen according to the required distance and position of the ball. Clubs are available in custom fit or brand name selections. Custom fit clubs are built according to the individual golfer's swing characteristics. Brand name clubs are built based on the 'average' golfer's swing characteristics, and are the more expensive of the two. Each club has a number on it, representing the loft (height of the ball) it gives. The lower the number, the lower the loft, and the longer the club, which gives greater distance, and lower accuracy. A set of clubs consists of a maximum of 14 clubs. The composition of the set depends on individual preference. Generally, a basic set will have a driver, irons #3-9, woods #3 & 5, and a putter
Drivers: These are used to launch the golf ball off the tee and as far onto the fairway (close to the green) as possible. So obviously, the driver is the largest club in a set, and is usually a #1 wood, designed for optimum distance, with a loft of 8-10 degrees.
Woods: These clubs are longer, and have larger heads, than irons. Originally named for the material from which they were made, they are nowadays made almost exclusively from metal. They are designed to hit long distances at any stage of the course where distance is more important than accuracy. Wood clubs are numbered 1 to 7, with 1 normally being the driver.
Irons: These are smaller than woods, with smaller heads made of forged steel. Irons are used for shots requiring a higher degree of accuracy, usually closer to the green. At this stage, a club designed for greater distance would probably send the ball off-course, maybe into the rough, or a hazard bunker. Irons are numbered from 1 to 9.
Putters: The smallest in size, these clubs are designed for optimum accuracy. Putters are used on the green, to place the ball into the hole.
Wedges: These are used for short-range shots to place the ball onto the green. There are three types of wedges; pitching wedges, sand wedges, and lob wedges.
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